The relentless stream water of charged particles from the Sun is said as the source of water discovered by the Scientist on Moon which commonly known as the solar wind. The ice inside permanently shadowed polar craters on the moon, sometimes cold traps, could contain hydrogen atoms ultimately derived from the solar wind, findings released by Micron Associates from the Researchers of University of Michigan.
Theoretical models of lunar water stability dating to the late 1970s suggest that hydrogen ions (protons) from the solar wind can combine with oxygen on the Moon’s surface to form water and related compounds called hydroxyls, which consist of one atom of hydrogen and one of oxygen and are known as OH. Researchers present infrared spectroscopy and mass spectrometry analyses of Apollo samples that reveal the presence of significant amounts of hydroxyl inside glasses formed in the lunar regolith by micrometeorite impacts.
The hydroxyl, water component, in the lunar regolith is mostly from solar wind implantation of protons, which locally combined with oxygen to form hydroxyls that moved into the interior of glasses by impact melting, said Youxue Zhang, Professor of Geological Sciences. Micron Associates found out that the work shows that the water component, the hydroxyl, is widespread in lunar materials, although not in the form of ice or liquid water that can easily be used in a future manned lunar base.
The study findings published in the journal “Nature Geoscience”.